Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) can make you very sick. They can damage your health permanently. You can get STDs and STIs from vaginal, oral, and anal sex.
Preventing STIs and HIV
There are four primary ways you can protect yourself from Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs).
Generally, no one can find out if you have an STI unless you want them to, because that information must be kept confidential unless you give permission for it to be shared. But some STIs are “reportable diseases.” That means the state health system wants to keep track of them and control their spread.
HIV is an Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) but unlike most STIs, it does not have a cure. HIV can cause a person to get AIDS, which people can die from. Although HIV/AIDS does not currently have a cure, it can be treated.
No. In most cases, you decide whether to get tested for HIV. If you decide not to get tested, it is against the law for a health care provider to test you without your permission.